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Obelisk and Fountain, Piazza della Rotunda: Overall view, obelisk with fountain base
Architecture Library, Hesburgh Libraries
Obelisk created under reign of Ramses II (1279 BCE to 1213 BCE). Originally one of a pair at the Temple of Ra in Heliopolis, the other being the now much shorter Matteiano. Moved to the Temple of Isis near Santa Maria sopra Minerva. Found in 1373 near San Macuto and erected east of Santa Maria in Aracoeli on the Capitoline. Moved to the front of the Pantheon by Pope Clement XI in 1711 over a fountain by Filippo Barigioni.