Royal Palace of Madrid: Overall aerial view of the palace complex; main facade is one with dome
The first royal palace in Madrid was known as the Alcázar. It was initially a fortress built ca. 875 by Muhammed I on a promontory that was soon incorporated into the northwest corner of the city walls. A fire in 1734 destroyed the former palace. The new Palacio Real was built from 1738 to designs by Giovanni Battista Sacchetti, although Filippo Juvarra had produced a more extravagant design (Madrid, Bib. N.), rejected by Philip V as too expensive. The new palace, built on a square ground-plan from Colmenar stone on a granite base, displays Italian and French Neo-classical influences. Sabatini worked on the palace from 1760 to 1778. It is the official residence of the King of Spain in the city of Madrid, but it is now only used for state ceremonies. The last monarch who lived continuously in the palace was Alfonso XIII. The palace also houses the Armería Real (the Royal Armory).