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Segesta, Doric Temple: Distant context three-quarter view of temple
Segesta is a town in western Sicily, about 17 km from Castellammare, that flourished 600-400 BCE. It was inhabited by the Elymi, a native people strongly influenced by Greek culture; Segesta came under Carthaginian rule in 409 BCE and then from ca. 260 BCE under Roman rule. The site is noted for its unfinished Doric temple (stylobate 23.17 x 58.07 m), which stands on a hill outside the city. The perfectly preserved exterior was almost completed, except for the fluting of the columns and the removal of the lifting-bosses; a cella and a roof were evidently planned. The temple was the last of the Classical Doric temples in Sicily and was probably begun around 420 BCE and left unfinished at the outbreak of the Greco-Carthaginian war in 409 BCE.