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Sultan Qala'un Funerary Complex: Detail of inlay work with abstracted square Kufic script
The elaborate interior decoration includes marble revetment, carved, painted, and gilded wood, carved marble, and stucco.
The complex of the Mamluk sultan Qala'un (reigned 1280-1290) was built in 1284-1285 on the site of the former Fatimid palace. It comprises a hospital (maristan), madrasa, mausoleum and minaret. The hospital incorporated some of the old palace. The madrasa has an unusual four-iwan plan with two vestigial iwans on the sides; it anticipates those popular for madrasas in later centuries.