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Carthage: Detail of a group of public water cisterns
Several groups of public cisterns built in the 2nd century CE by the Roman governor of Africa.
Carthage is a famed ancient city on the Gulf of Tunis; center of a powerful state that conquered Sardinia, Malta, and Balearic Islands in the 6th century BCE. After battling Rome in the 100-year Punic Wars was ruined by Rome in 146 BCE, but rebuilt as a Roman city (under Augustus, beginning 29 BCE). Later rebuilt by Vandals (under Justinian), ruined by Arabs in 698 and deserted. The first civilization that developed within the city's sphere of influence is referred to as Punic (a form of the word "Phoenician") or Carthaginian. A UNESCO World Heritage Site.