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Carmelite Monastery, Mount Carmel: Overall view, exterior of the domed shrine of Elijah's Cave
The Carmelite order was founded on Mount Carmel more than 800 years ago, starting from a number of Crusaders who went into seclusion in the caves on Mount Carmel, in imitation of the Prophet Elijah, who meditated in a cave here before defeating the priests of Baal. The 17th century monastery was destroyed by the Ottomans after Napoleon's siege of Acre and rebuilt 1827-1836. Elijah's Cave is in a separate domed shrine further down the slope and is sacred to Jews, Christians, Muslims, and Druze; at times it has been a mosque.