State Hermitage: Southern facade of the New Hermitage, with portico with atlantids
Lantern slide labeled Petrograd. The New Hermitage Museum is by Leo von Klenze (built 1842-1851) in a neoclassic style. Until the 1920s the museum's entrance was under the portico supported by five-metre high atlantes of grey Serdobol granite from Finland in the middle of the southern facade of the New Hermitage building.
In the reign of Catherine II a grand palace ensemble was created that served as an official state residence, a storehouse of art treasures, and also as a home where the Russian Empress spent her private life. Out of six buildings of the main palace (now museum) complex, four, namely the Winter Palace, Small Hermitage, Old Hermitage and New Hermitage, are partially open to the public. The other two are Hermitage Theatre and the Reserve House. Next to the Winter Palace are Fel'ten's Large or Old Hermitage (1771-1787), Jean-Baptiste-Michel Vallen de la Motte's Small Hermitage (1764-1767) and Giacomo Quarenghi's Hermitage Theatre (1783-1787). The 19th century saw the construction of the Hermitage Museum at the back of the Winter Palace--now known as the New Hermitage, since the museum has expanded to fill the whole imperial palace complex--where the cream of the imperial collection could be shown to the public; it opened its doors in 1852. This was the first Russian public museum. The tradition of collecting works of art which began in Catherine's time had now become an element of state policy.